A search with Google images led to identification as Velvetleaf, Chinese jute or Indian mallow, a member of the mallow family native to China and possibly India. It was brought to America in the early 1700s for use as a fiber source in rope manufacture.
Since then the plant has escaped into the wild and become a pest of various crops, particularly corn and soybeans. It seems to have several scientific names, the most common being Abutilon theophrasti. Velvetleaf is edible and in Asia the plant and seeds are part of native cuisine.
The velvet name is due to the very soft texture of the heart-shaped leaves. Feels almost like moleskin it is so fine. The large, strange seed pods or fruit attracted my attention. The plant also has yellow-orange flowers up to 1″ across. All the flowers were closed on the specimen I found.
I suspect the seed for this plant either dropped off the tractor of the local farmer who helps me spread manure or possibly came in grain for the chickens or horses. Velvetleaf is found in midwestern cornfields and a tough-coated seed could have sneaked into the processed grain then passed through an animal’s digestive system intact.
Following my policy of identifying any new plants found on the farm, I realized Velvetleaf would be an unwelcome addition. It is a prolific seeder, highly competitive with other plants. The last thing I need is another invasive weed. I pulled little Velvetleaf and popped it in the garbage before the seeds could mature.