Along the coast of Kent between Margate and Broadstairs is Botany Bay. This bay has a long, yellow sand beach, chalk reef and towering chalk cliffs with some sea stacks. Today I visited the bay with my mum as I enjoy a UK vacation.
Infamous as a landing place for smugglers in the 18th century, the beach was actually the site of a clash between smugglers and Revenuers in 1769 that resulted in several deaths. The encounter has come to be known as the Battle of Botany Bay. It involved Joss Snelling and his considerable band of smuggling cohorts known as the Callis Court Gang. The Revenue Patrol ambushed the gang as they unloaded their goods and shooting ensued.
Smugglers cut caves and tunnels into the soft chalk cliffs to use as storage places for the contraband and as escape routes. The closed-up remains of these caves and tunnels can still be seen today. The most well-known features of Botany Bay are the impressive chalk sea stacks. These free-standing towers are the remains of cliffs that have been cut away by the endless wash of the sea.
If you move up close to the seaward side of a cliff you will find the rock is riddled with holes. Limpets creep into the holes for safety during low tide. It is remarkable how well they fit the holes.
This part of the English coast looks out across the Channel toward France. There is a huge windfarm off-shore. Cargo ships often shelter on this side of the channel when it is too choppy for crossing. It is not uncommon to see several large ships close to shore.
Strolling the beach revealed a healthy population of whelk and some type of skate or ray as evidenced by the plethora of eggs. The strangely shaped black ray eggs are also called mermaids purses. There were numerous egg cases to be found, along with shells of the large sea snails.
With the great expanse of fine sand, the impressive cliffs and the safe waters with a mild current, it is easy to see why this beach is popular in the summer. And also why smugglers found it a convenient spot to ply their lucrative trade.
This article contains interesting information about the Battle of Botany Bay: http://www.thanet-ghostwatch.co.uk/history/smug1.htm